A kind of mortar and pestle. Probably used for preparing medicinal herbs.
There are small bone fragments in the mortar well. Hopefully animal bones...
Medicinal Herb VialEdit
Used in traditional Japanese herbal medicine, or kanpo. It looks like this vial has been sealed for many years.
These are probably Maitake mushrooms, used to boost the immune system.
Dried Gobo RootEdit
It's Burdock. A root traditionally used in kanpo to fight inflammation.